Poetry: What is it?
- W. H. Auden, ‘Musée des Beaux-Arts’
- Michael Jackson, ‘Green Turtle’
- Cilla McQueen, ‘Timepiece’
- Marianne Moore, ‘Poetry’
- Frank O'Hara, ‘The Day Lady Died’
- Kendrick Smithyman, ‘Peter Durey’s Story'
- Wallace Stevens, ‘Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird’
Poetry must be as well written as prose
– Ezra Pound
Nothing you couldn’t, in the stress of some emotion, actually say
– Ezra Pound
No ideas but in things
– William Carlos Williams
These three mantras go a long way towards summarising the Modernist approach to poetry. It's certainly not the only approach, but it's not a bad starting point.
Pound and Williams were in profound reaction against what they saw as the wordy, inexact poetry of the late nineteenth century. They wanted poetry to achieve the same precision and profundity as the novels and stories of Conrad, Flaubert and Tolstoy.
These rules were intended to help new groups of poets such as the Imagists or the Objectivists adopt a far more rigorous and scientific attitude towards the problem of charging language with as much richness and significance as it was possible for it to hold.
As far as this course is concerned, a poem is an intensely condensed piece of language, every element of which must be thought through and meaningful. Some of the building blocks we will be looking at over the next few weeks are:
- Storytelling: This is the common factor linking the two parts of this course. Telling stories isn't the only thing a poem can do, but it's one of the most important. And it's a good way of transferring the skills you've already acquired in the fiction section to this one.
- Imagery: Poems paint pictures. That's always been part of their job, from the earliest times: the more vivid the picture the better.
- Figures of Speech: Talking about one thing in terms of another (what's often referred to as metaphor and simile) is another of the fundamental characteristics of poetry.
- Form: Poems tend to be shorter than stories. The different ways you can arrange them on the page has a lot of influence on the possible meanings you can find in them.
- Precision: Choosing the right word, in the right place, to give exactly the right impression to your reader is an art, not a science. But the more practice you have, the better you'll get at it.
If you feel a bit intimidated to begin with at the idea of writing a poem from scratch, that's not unusual. There are a number of exercises and suggestions in the course materials to get you started. Once you get going, though, I'm sure that you'll find it a lot less difficult than you feared.
[The Wallace Stevens Walk